A summons is an extra-judicial document addressed by the creditor, via a bailiff, to the defaulting debtor, ordering the latter to appear before the appointed court.

Generally occurring after an attempt at amicable recovery has proven fruitless, the issue of a summons announces the launch of judicial recovery proceedings.

Updated 23/07/2018

Definitions provided under this section refer to the Belgian situation; unless specified otherwise. The texts are meant to summarize concepts in daily language and should not be considered as comprehensive or definite. We welcome suggestions for modifications or additions at